glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Alpha-tocopherol

The most biologically active form of vitamin E. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that protects cell membranes and other fat-soluble parts of the body, such as LDL cholesterol, the 'bad' cholesterol, from oxidative damage. Vitamin E also stimulates the immune response. Vitamin E is one of the most potent protectors against the oxidative stress your body faces every day. Vitamin E also helps promote clear and flexible blood vessels that allow the passage of oxygen-rich blood to your heart.

Alfalfa

Alfalfa was discovered by the Arabs and is one of the first known herbs. It has valuable nutritive properties and is a good source of organic minerals and vitamins, especially Vitamin C, as well as chlorophyll and carotene. It is known as the "mineralizer" due to its ability to send a tap root deep into the ground, bringing up high levels of minerals and trace elements. Alfalfa extract produces antibacterial activity against gram-positive bacteria. It is a good source of proteins and vitamins and is known to be anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and toning.

Aloe (Aloe Barbadensis extract)

Discorides, a Greek historian, recorded the use of Aloe as a healing herb more than 2,000 years ago. The gel, extracted from the Aloe Vera plant, was used to clear blemishes, soothe itches and maintain healthy skin. It is reported that Cleopatra massaged fresh Aloe into her skin every day to preserve her beauty. Scientists have found that Aloe has anesthetic, anti-bacterial and tissue restorative properties. It heals burns from flame, sun and radiation. Aloe contains salicylates, which have both anti-inflammatory and pain killing characteristics. Aloe also contains magnesium lactate, a substance that can inhibit histamine reactions of the sort that can cause, among other things, itching and irritation of the skin.

Amino acids

The building blocks from which protein is made and into which it is broken down during digestion. Amino acids act as essential neurotransmitters throughout the body, communicating instructions which literally 'turn on' and 'turn off' many different life functions. Without an adequate supply of essential amino acids, this communication is interrupted, intracellular instruction cannot take place and organs become neurologically isolated from each other.

Aminogen®

All natural, patented enzyme system that helps your body to explode proteins into amino acids with more speed and efficiency.

  • Jump starts the digestive process of proteins through bursting large, bonded and chained amino acids into smaller, free form aminos. This releases tons of amino acids into the intestine to be absorbed at a quicker pace. The more free amino acids available, the more fuel for muscle recovery and development.
  • Helps reduce or even eliminate some of the most common side effects of high protein dieting - gas, bloating, constipation, and indigestion.
  • Helps rejuvenate your body with energy, support muscle growth, and repair damaged tissue caused from extensive workouts or illnesses.

Antioxidant

A substance that removes potentially damaging oxidizing agents. For example, vitamins C and E are antioxidants. Also called free radical scavengers.

Ascorbic acid

Vitamin C

[back to top]


B

Balm Mint (Melissa Officinalis Extract)

A skin soothing agent used for stimulation and healing action. It has been written historically that balm is sovereign for the brain, strengthening the memory and powerfully chasing away melancholy. Historically, it has been considered a cure-all for relieving fever from colds or flu by inducing perspiration, relieving stomach and digestive complaints, and useful in a wide variety of nervous complaints such as headaches, insomnia and nausea. It has also been used to heal wounds and promote the formation of scabs.

Beta Carotene

The precursor to Vitamin A, Beta Carotene is a natural coloring agent. Derived from carrots or marine algae, it is an antioxidant that helps cells and tissues protects themselves against reactive oxygen associated with UV radiation.

Biotin

A water-soluble B-complex vitamin essential for the function of enzyme systems that play a part in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Biotin is used in cell growth, the production of fatty acids, metabolism of fats, and amino acids. It plays a role in the Krebs Cycle, which is the process in which energy is released from food. Biotin is helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level. Biotin is also a constituent of Vitamin H, which has been scientifically demonstrated to promote the growth of healthy hair. Deficiencies result in dry skin, certain types of dermatitis, lack of energy and hair loss. Research has shown it aids in keeping hair from turning grey.

Body mass index (BMI)

A guideline computed through a combination of weight and height.

[back to top]

C

Calorie (kilocalorie)

A measure of the energy contained in food. One calorie is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree centigrade.

Carbohydrate

The principle source of energy in the diet, consisting of simple carbohydrates (sugar) and complex carbohydrates (starch and fiber). A healthy diet should contain several daily servings of complex carbohydrates such as grains, cereals, fruits and vegetables.

Carbogen®

A patented enzyme system designed to accelerate breakdown of dietary carbohydrates and effectively control carbohydrate metabolism while supporting a healthy weight management program.

  • Elevate blood glucose levels without affecting insuling levels
  • Lower blood lactate levels and to increase exercise performance
  • Natural energy triggers the calorie burning process

Casein

A primary protein in dairy foods, for example, milk and cheese.

Castor (Ricinus Communis) Oil

An emollient oil from the castor bran, it acts as a film-former that protects and soothes the skin.

Chelate Technologies

Latest food manufacturing technologies that lead to better assimilation of nutrients at cellular level.

Citric Acid

Naturally occurring organic acid derived form citrus fruits. Citric Acid has significant astringent properties. PH regulator. Exfoliating agent.

Cold Proccesing Technologies

Latest food manufacturing technologies that preserve the nutritive materials of the ingredients.

Cocamide MEA

Hair cleansing and conditioning agent derived from coconut oil. Foam booster and stabilizer.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Mild amphoteric surfactant and foam booster derived from coconut oil. Viscosity builder and anti-static agent.

Corn (Zea Mays) Oil

Essential fatty acid, it helps keep hair soft and pliable.

Cranesbill (Geranium Maculatum) Extract

A plant that flourishes in the low grounds and woods of Europe, Newfoundland, Georgia and Missouri. This botanical herb is a powerful, natural astringent. It conditions, adds shine to hair and stimulates the scalp. It shrinks the cuticle and increases the elasticity and tensile strength of the hair. It relieves swelling and is useful in healing sores and wounds.

Cyanocobalamin

Vitamin B12.

[back to top]

D

Daily Value (DV)

This number, given in percent, shows how foods meet recommended nutrient intake levels based on a 2,000 calorie reference diet. Some Daily Values are upper limits (try to eat no more than 100%) while others are optimal amounts (try to eat 100%).

Dietary supplement

A product taken by mouth that contains a "dietary ingredient" intended to supplement the diet. The "dietary ingredients" in these products may include: vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and substances such as enzymes, organ tissues, glandulars, and metabolites.

[back to top]

E

Enzyme

A protein that acts as a catalyst in accelerating specific chemical reactions. For example, digestive enzymes break down food into materials useful to the body.

[back to top]


F

Fiber (Dietary Fiber)

Found only in foods of plant origin, dietary fiber is a group of substances exhibiting various degrees of resistance to human digestion. Cellulose, lignin, hemicellulose, pectin, and gums are the five main types of dietary fiber. (See insoluble fiber and soluble fiber). Crude fiber represents the cellulose portion of dietary fiber.

Folic acid

Folate and folic acid are forms of a water-soluble B vitamin. Folate is necessary for the production and maintenance of new cells. This is especially important during periods of rapid cell division and growth such as infancy and pregnancy. Folate is needed to make DNA and RNA, the building blocks of cells. It also helps prevent changes to DNA that may lead to cancer. Both adults and children need folate to make normal red blood cells and prevent anemia.

Free radical

An uncharged atom or group of atoms with one or more unpaired electrons. These by-products of a cell's normal function can't be avoided, but exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun or other sources promotes their emergence.

Fructose

A sugar found in fruits and honey. Also called fruit sugar, it is sweeter than refined sucrose.

[back to top]

G

Geranium Maculatum Extract

A plant, which flourishes in the low grounds and woods of Europe, Newfoundland, Georgia and Missouri. The leaves and roots are the utilized parts. This botanical herb is a powerful, natural astringent. It conditions and adds shine to hair and stimulates the scalp. Aids in checking the over activity of the sudoriferous and sebaceous glands. Shrinks cuticle and increases the elasticity and tensile strength of the hair.

Glycemic index

A numerical value for a food or ingredient (consumed individually) indicating the extent to which it increases blood sugar levels (how quickly, how much, and for how long) compared with the effect of glucose or white bread (used as a standard).

Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)

Regulations that describe the methods, equipment, facilities, and controls required for producing products that are safe, pure, and effective.

[back to top]

H

HeptaCal®

An exclusive proprietary combination of seven (7) different sources of calcium. These calcium sources include: calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium gluconate, calcium aspartate, calcium amino acid chelate and calcium lactate. These calcium sources are combined in amounts and ratios for a specific ionic dissociation constant that optimizes gastrointestinal calcium absorption throughout the day. Consequently, HeptaCalTM uniquely solves calcium absorption issues that are associated with only single sources calcium formulations.

Hydrolized Protein

Protein derived from animal tissue, which has been chemically broken down to a low molecular size making them effective conditioning agents for damaged hair.

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Emulsifying agent with elastic and binding properties that leaves a lustrous shine with excellent conditioning properties.

[back to top]

K

Kaolin

Naturally occurring aluminum silicate. Originally from Mt. Kaolin in China. It is utilized in skin preparations for its drawing effects upon the skin and for its ability to absorb oil and sweat secreted by the skin. It is extremely high in silica, oxygen, sulfur and minerals and acts as an excellent hair fortifier and strengthener.

[back to top]

L

Lemongrass

A source of commercial Vitamin A, is non-irritating and analgesic, and normalizes overactive oil glands in the skin. It has been used in cosmetics to cleanse and give sheen to hair. It has excellent cleansing action and is very effective for oily skin and in adding highlights and shine to hair. It has an aromatic component as well.

[back to top]


M

Marine Algae Extract

Rich in minerals, vitamins and amino acids, this sea plant helps nourish the skin and hair to retain moisture.

Matricaria (Chamomilla Recutita) Extract

In ancient Arabia, it was used in bath products as a calming agent and was massaged into the body to reduce rheumatic pain. It penetrates the hair shaft to aid in rejuvenation, producing tremendous sheen and protection to the cuticle layers. It cleanses hair follicles and strengthens hair. For skin care products, has a soothing, healing, anti-irritating and anti-inflammatory quality. It is an herb that soothes, heals and improves tissue regeneration.

Melissa Officinalis (Balm Mint) Extract

See Balm Mint (Melissa Officinalis) Extract.

Metabolism

Metabolism refers to the various chemical processes by which food is transformed, energy is derived, tissues are built up and subsequently broken down, and waste products are eliminated.

Milk protein isolate

A protein extract of milk that is over 90% pure protein.

Muira puama

A passion herb rich in essential oils.

[back to top]

N

NNFA

National Nutritional Food Association. Compliance with the NNFA Standards means that all elements of the company's manufacturing processes meet specified performance standards on each measure, including quality and disease control, cleanliness and training, receiving and testing of raw materials, and procedures for storage and distribution.

Nutraceutical

A non-toxic food extract supplement that has scientifically proven health benefits. The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act requires that this food component be standardized in the nutraceutical product and manufactured under good manufacturing practices. Nutraceuticals are not whole foods, yet are partially or completely derived from them.

Nutrition

The study of the relationship between diet and states of health and disease. Deficiencies, excesses and imbalances in the diet can produce negative impacts on health, which may result in diseases such as diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis etc. The science of nutrition attempts to understand how and why specific aspects of diet have specific influences on health.

[back to top]

O

Obesity

A condition where the natural energy reserve, stored in the fatty tissue is increased to the point where it may impair health. Obesity is generally considered to be a leading cause of health problems, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood cholesterol etc.

[back to top]

P

Panthenol

Pro-Vitamin B5, an essential vitamin and constituent of hair, which, with prolonged use, increases the diameter of the hair shaft and adds sheen. It also stimulates cells found in the connective tissues, promotes wound healing and can accelerate skin regeneration. It is soothing and moisturizing.

Panthothenic Acid

Also called vitamin B5, is an antioxidant water-soluble vitamin needed to break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Specifically, it is part of coenzyme-A (CoASH) in the metabolism and transfer of carbon chains. A provitamin pantothenic acid, panthenol is a common additive in the cosmetic industry.

PentaChrom®

A proprietary combination of five (5) different chromium sources designed to optimize the chromium absorbtion. These chromium sources used in PentaChrom® are: chromium polynicotinate, chromium picolinate, chromium aspartate, chromium nicotinate and chromium amino acid chelate. The sources are balanced in amounts that optimize the ionic dissociation constant for chromium absorption.

Phaseolamin (Phaseolus vulgaris)

All-natural nutritional ingredient derived from the white kidney bean. Phaseolus vulgaris has been scientifically and clinically proven to effectively inhibit alpha-amylase, the digestive enzyme that converts starches into body fat. Prevents dietary starch digestion and the corresponding after-meal rise in insulin concentration.

Potassium

An important mineral found within the cells of the body. It is essential to the maintenance of fluid balance, nerve transmissions, and muscle contractions.

Protein

A large molecule made up of units called amino acids. Dietary protein is essential for building, repairing, and maintaining body tissues. Protein may come from animal or vegetable sources.

Protein digestibility

A measure of the amount of amino acids actually absorbed from a given amount of protein that is consumed.

[back to top]


Q

QC

Quality Control; the system or organization which monitors the raw materials, the manufacturing processes and the finished product to assure that defined quality levels are met.

QuadraMag®

A proprietary combination of four (4) different sources of magnesium designed to optimize magnesium absorption under all gastrointestinal conditions. The magnesium sources are combined in a manner that satisfies the Michaels-Menton Constant of optimal ionic dissociation. The sources of magnesium used in QuadraMagTM are: magnesium oxide, magnesium citrate, magnesium gluconate and magnesium amino acid chelate.

[back to top]

R

Retinol

A dietary form of vitamin A, is a fat-soluble, antioxidant vitamin important in vision and bone growth. It belongs to the family of chemical compounds known as retinoids.

Riboflavin

Riboflavin (E101), also known as vitamin B2 or vitamin G, is an easily absorbed, water-soluble micronutrient with a key role in maintaining human health. Like the other B vitamins, it supports energy production by aiding in the metabolising of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Vitamin B2 is also required for red blood cell formation and respiration, antibody production, and for regulating human growth and reproduction. It is essential for healthy skin, nails, hair growth and general good health, including regulating thyroid activity.

Rose Hips Extract

Extract of the fruit of various species of wild roses rich in Vitamin C. It has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It conditions and adds shine to the hair. Also used for aromatic qualities. Anti-bacterial, moisturizing, smoothing, soothing.

[back to top]

S

Sage (Salvia Officinalis) Extract

An astringent herb that tones the pores and reduces symptoms of oily skin. It also eases aching muscles and sore, tired feet and inhibits perspiration. Excellent anti-bacterial value; helps heal skin eruptions and darkens grey hair. Skin purifier and toning agent. Controls dandruff effectively as well.

Saw palmetto

Small hardy clump-forming spiny palm of southern United States, helps support prostate function.

Selenium

Selenium is a trace mineral that is essential to good health but required only in small amounts. Selenium is incorporated into proteins to make selenoproteins, which are important antioxidant enzymes. The antioxidant properties of selenoproteins help prevent cellular damage from free radicals. Free radicals are natural by-products of oxygen metabolism that may contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease. Other selenoproteins help regulate thyroid function and play a role in the immune system.

Sesame (Sesamum Indicum) Oil

Derived from sesame seeds. A very stable source of olein (75%), stearin, palmitin, myristin, linolein, sesamin and sesamolin. These fatty acids increase sheen and lustre to dry, brittle and damaged hair and retain moisture in the skin, leaving it soft and soothed.

Silk Amino Acids

Humectant. A silk-derived protein resulting from the complete hydrolysis of silk.

Sorbitol

Absorbs moisture from the air to prevent skin dryness and leaves skin feeling smooth and velvety.

Soy Protein Isolate

The highest quality protein from soy beans.

Soybean Oil

Used as a smoothing agent. Has a high content of lecithin and vitamins A, E and K.

[back to top]

T

Thiamin

A vitamin of the B complex that is an amino hydroxy quaternary ammonium water-soluble salt containing a thiazole ring and a pyrimidine ring, that occurs widely both free (as in the germs of cereals and hulls of grain) and combined (as in yeast and in animal tissues like liver, kidneys, and heart) but is usually synthesized commercially, that functions in the body as a cocarboxylase and is essential for conversion of carbohydrate to fat and for normal nervous functions. Also called vitamin B1.

Tocopherol

Vitamin E. There are many tocopherols, all identified with letters of the Greek alphabet. The one that has the greatest biological activity is alpha-tocopherol.

[back to top]

U

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture. This department is responsible for regulating labeling and marketing procedures for meat, poultry and eggs.

USP

United States Pharmacopoeia. Government agency that sets standards for pharmaceutical products.

[back to top]

W

Wellness Movement

Being proactive about the quality or state of being in good health especially as an actively sought goal.

Whey

The serum, or watery part, of milk, separated from the thicker or more coagulable part, or curd.

Whey protein

Protein constituent of milk.

Which Hazel (Hamamelus Virginiana) Extract

An extract that has astringent, toning and anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps remove excess pore-clogging oils. It is useful in skin care products for brittle, chapped and sensitive skin and in oily hair shampoos because of its astringent properties.

[back to top]